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Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield ~ Marietta GA

As the Union advanced after turning the tide at Gettsyburg, they began to strategically attack the South. By 1864, while Richmond was the pulse of the Confederacy, Atlanta had become the heart of it. Atlanta was "the industrial and transportation hub of the southeast." The Union needed to destroy it, to win the Civil War.

The epic battle for Atlanta began about 20 miles away, in a sleepy Kennesaw Mountain, west of Marietta. The Confederates needed to hold Kennesaw Mountain to stop the Union troops from advancing to Marietta, only 2 miles away, and on to Atlanta.

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield ~ Marietta GABegin your trip to this National Battlefield in the Visitor's Center, where you will view an excellent film about the battle. It will highlight the importance of the mountain, the fighting that ensued and give you a much deeper understanding of what you are about to see on the battlefield. You can drive up to the top of the mountain, or you can hike or walk. Trails are clearly marked. 

After wiping through Chattanooga in the Battle of Chickamauga, General William Tecumsah Sherman fought through Northern Georgia down to Kennesaw Mountain. With over 100,000 soldiers, the Union Army cut a huge swath through the gently rolling foothills of the Appalachians, in Northern Georgia. Filled with "dense woods, boggy creeks, dirt roads and sparsely populate towns" a "wilderness of mire."

On June 8, 1964, Union Major General John W. Geary wrote, "As we pass through the country, we leave it as though all the locusts of Egypt had been upon it. There is not a blade of grass left upon the earth. Wheat fields are eaten to the ground....The provisions of the people are taken without compunction, and they are left in utter want."

Sherman was waging his campaign against the people of Georgia, along with Atlanta. War had come to the people in a very new and horrifying way.

Atlanta was a prize the Union wanted. At the beginning of the war, the 1860 census listed Atlanta's population as 7741. By 1864, Atlanta was a Confederate stronghold filled with over 20,000 people churning out munitions and supplies for the war.

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield ~ Marietta GATo preserve the people, factories, armories, warehouses, and railroads of Atlanta, the Confederate Army was determined to hold Kennesaw Mountain, digging earthworks into the side of the mountains, placing cannon strategically to shell the advancing Union Army and prevent their taking Atlanta. These earthworks are preserved today, with cannons placed where they were during the battles. Paths lead to some of the cannon, and you can look out across the mountain, to the positions where the Confederates shelled the Union Army in a blaze of cannon balls that leveled the forests.

At LivingHistorySites.com, we hope you will honor the signs asking you to stay off the historic earthworks dug by the Army of Tennessee so that many generations will be able to visit this mountain, getting a glimpse of the fierce fighting that went on there. We hope you will teach your kids to respect these Civil War battlefields as well.

5,350 soldiers were killed in the battle fought here from June 19, 1864 through July 2, 1864.  Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield ~ Marietta GA

Living History Sites highly recommends The Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield, tell theme the people at LivingHistorySites.com sent you 

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield 

    Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
900 Kennesaw Mountain Drive
Kennesaw, GA 30144

TELEPHONE:
(770) 427-4686
(770) 427-1760 (fax)

Directions see website - we found it a bit confusing and came in the back way.

Daily Battlefield hours as of Sunday October 31, 2008: (May Vary by Season)

Visitor Center building:  8:30am-5:00pm Mon-Fri; 8:30am-6:00pm Sat-Sun
Visitor Center lot and battlefield grounds: 7:30am- 6:00pm
Mountain Road:  8:30am-5:30pm {Monday-Friday only, excluding major holidays and weather permitting}
Cheatham Hill Battlefield grounds: 8:00am-5:30pm

Visitor Center Building:

The Visitor Center is open daily from 8:30am-5:00pm.  On weekends during daylight savings time, 8:30am-6:00pm.

The building is closed  Thanksgiving, Christmas Day and New Year's Day.